SIPFLS High School Programme (IB/AP)
Learning Corners Events

减少细菌传播 掩鼻喷嚏少触摸

Sleeve sneezing matters


2020年11月11日,苏州工业园区外国语学校组织了一场有非常有意义的关于卫生健康讲座,全体国际高中的师生参加了此次讲座。主讲人是Marie老师。

Teachers and students from the SIPFLS IB International High School attended a meaningful lecture on hygiene and health given by Ms. Marie on November 11th, 2020.


首先Marie老师向我们介绍了什么是细菌以及它的四种传播方式:唾液,触摸,食物和动物昆虫传播。在这几种传播中,Marie老师重点带我们了解了最常见的细菌传播方式:咳嗽,打喷嚏以及用不洁双手触摸。尽管人类有着免疫系统帮我们抵御“外敌”,但是它并不能抵抗一切,这就需要我们用其他方式来帮助免疫系统战胜病菌。接下来我们观看了一组科学实验短片,这个短片主要向我们展示了个人在30分钟的聚会中可以向他的朋友传播多少细菌。实验的结果是出人意料的:如果一个生病的人不注意自己的行为,任何的触碰都可能把细菌传染给身边的人!所以当我们感冒时,除了勤洗手之外,一定要尽量减少对外物和他人的触碰。因为你所碰之处,都会沾染到细菌!你办公桌上的细菌可能是马桶上细菌量的400倍!所以,减少触碰就是减少细菌传播。

First of all, Ms. Marie introduced what germs are and the four ways they spread are through the saliva, touch, food as well as animals and insects. Coughing, sneezing and touching things with dirty hands are the most common ways of spreading. Luckily, we have an immune system to protect us from most of the germs that attack us every moment, but it cannot resist everything. It requires us to use some other methods against the germs. Next, we watched an episode of the scientific experiments. It mainly showed us how many germs a person can spread to his friends in a 30-minute party. The result of the experiment is shocking. If a sick person does not care about his own behavior, any touch may infect people around him! So when you have a cold, you need to wash hands frequently and also try to minimize contact with objects and people, because everything you touched will be contaminated with germs! The germs on the desk may be 400 times more than the germs in the toilet! Therefore, to reduce contact is to reduce the spread of germs.


在接下来的部分,我们了解了咳嗽和打喷嚏的“危险”之处。在打喷嚏的时候,你呼出的细菌可以在空气中传播9米,而咳嗽时,细菌传播得更远,它们可以在空气中停留45分钟之久!如果你打喷嚏不捂住口鼻,那么你就是在告诉身边的人:你不在乎他们的健康。这是很不礼貌的行为。但是,如果你对着自己的手打喷嚏,当你触摸东西时,你依然会将细菌传播到房间各处。所以请大家学会“the sleeve sneeze”(胳膊肘捂住喷嚏)!

The proper ways of coughing and sneezing are really important. When you cough, your germs go even further, and the germs you release can stay in the air for up to 45 minutes! If you sneeze into the air without covering your mouth, you are telling everyone around you that you don’t care if you make them sick. But if you sneeze into your hands, you will still be spreading germs around the room every time you touch anything. Sneezing into your sleeve is the best way to stop your germs from spreading! 


当然多吃水果多锻炼,减少速食,多睡觉,戴口罩,都是Marie老师教给我们最简单且实用的建议。尤其是在目前抗疫的特殊时期,这些小法宝更值得我们去切身实行。

希望大家都能从我做起,减少细菌传播!

Eating healthily, getting lots of sleep, and avoiding bad food can all help you stay healthier as well. Wearing mask can help stop everyone around you from getting sick too. These small useful tips are really important for everybody, especially in the current climate of fighting the epidemic.

 Sleeve sneezing matters. Let’s start from ourselves to do it now to reduce the spread of germs!

 


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